Mental Health Disorders List | Types of Mental Disorders

Types of Mental Disorders in children:

Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Are Real..

Young people can have mental, emotional, and behavioral problems that are real, painful, and costly. These problems, often called “disorders,” are sources of stress for children and their families, schools, and communities.

  • It is estimated that as many as one in five children and adolescents may have a mental health disorder that can be identified and require treatment.

Examples of biological factors are

  • genetics
  • chemical imbalances in the body
  • damage to the central nervous system, such as a head injury.
  •  Many environmental factors also can affect mental health, including exposure to violence, extreme stress, and the loss of an important person. 

Below are descriptions of particular mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders that may occur during childhood and adolescence:

  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Severe Depression
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Learning Disorders
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Eating Disorders
  • Autism
  • Schizophrenia

Anxiety Disorders

  • Anxiety disorders are among the most common of childhood disorders. According to one study of 9- to 17-year-olds, as many as 13 of every 100 young people have an anxiety disorder.

Severe Depression

That two of every 100 children may have major depression, and as many as eight of every 100 adolescents may be affected

  • Emotions — Children often feel sad, cry, or feel worthless.
  • Motivation — Children lose interest in play activities, or schoolwork declines.
  • Physical well-being — Children may experience changes in appetite or sleeping patterns and may have vague physical complaints.
  • Thoughts— Children believe they are ugly, unable to do anything right, or that the world or life is hopeless.

Bipolar Disorder

  • Children and adolescents who demonstrate exaggerated mood swings that range from extreme highs to extreme lows (depression) may have bipolar disorder. (about one in 100)

Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  • five of every 100 children

Learning Disorders

  • Problems with spoken and written language, coordination, attention, or self-control.

Conduct Disorder

  • Conduct disorder causes children and adolescents to act out their feelings or impulses in destructive ways.
  • one to four of every 100 children 9 to 17 years of age

Eating Disorders

  • Anorexia affects one in every 100 to 200 adolescent girls and a much smaller number of boys
  • Reported rates of bulimia vary from one to three of every 100 young people

Autism

  • autism affects 10 to 12 of every 10,000 children

Schizophrenia

occurs in about five of every 1,000 children